Abstract 4: Porcine Parthenotes as a Model to Evaluate Developmental Potential of Human Inducible Pluripotent Stem Cells
The use of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) has tremendous potential for regenerative medicine by providing an unlimited source of personalized cells. A number of protocols have been established for efficient differentiation of hiPSCs to the desired lineage in vitro, such as cardiomyocytes and blood. However, the field lacks an in vivo system to evaluate the differentiation potential and quality of hiPSCs. Developmental potential of stem cells derived from experimental animals can be readily assessed by generating blastocyst chimeras and examination of the contribution to the embryos, or by the potential of teratoma formation. However, this is not possible in the case of humans. As a potential solution for this issue, we examined whether porcine parthenotes could be used as an experimental model to test the developmental potential of the hiPSCs. Parthenotes are generated by electrical activation of the oocytes collected at the abattoir and will develop up to gestational day 53 if transferred to a pseudo-pregnant sow. The embryonic culture conditions have also been established and the zygotes can develop normally to the expanded blastocyst stage (day 7 post fertilization/activation), in vitro. We took advantage of this in vitro system and examined the ability of hiPSCs to proliferate and integrate into the parthenogenetic embryos. Parthenogenetic embryos were injected with ten undifferentiated hiPSCs at day 4 (8 cell ~ morula stage) and cultured up to 72 hours. During this period, parthenotes underwent blastocoel cavity formation and hatching. Cell tracing experiments demonstrated that hiPSCs proliferated and integrated into the parthenotes. They retained pluripotency marker expression during this period. hiPSCs and their derivatives were found both in trophoectoderm and embryo proper. We further observed that the hiPSCs underwent cellular proliferation and promoted developmental progression of the parthenote in vitro. In summary, the porcine parthenote model system is an efficient high throughput system to examine the developmental capacity of human stem cell populations.
Author Disclosures: N. Koyano-Nakagawa: None. J. Dutton: None. M.G. Garry: None. D.J. Garry: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.