Abstract 375: Mechanotransduction via Titin’s N2B Element Contributes to Cardiac Remodeling
Pathological remodeling is responsible for the functional deficits characteristic of heart failure patients. Understanding mechanotransduction is limited, but holds potential to provide novel therapeutic targets to treat patients with heart failure, especially those with diastolic dysfunction and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Titin is the largest known protein and is abundant in muscle. It is the main contributor of passive stiffness in the heart and functions as a molecular mechano-sensor for stress and strain in the myocyte. Titin is composed of four distinct regions, (N-terminal Z-line, I-band, A-band, and C-terminal M-line), and acts as a molecular spring that is responsible for the assembly and maintenance of ultrastructure in the sarcomere. The elastic N2B element found in titin’s I-band region has been proposed as a mechano-sensor and signaling “hot spot” in the sarcomere. This study investigates the role of titin’s cardiac specific N2B element as sensor for stress and strain induced remodeling in the heart. The previously published N2B knock out (KO) mouse was subjected to a variety of stressors including transverse aortic constriction (TAC), aorto-caval fistula (ACF), chronic swimming, voluntary running and isoproterenol injections. Through chronic pathologic stress, pressure overload (TAC) and chronic volume overload (ACF), we found that the N2B element is necessary for the response to volume overload but not pressure overload as determined by changes in cardiac remodeling. Furthermore, the response to exercise either by chronic swimming or voluntary running was reduced in the N2B KO mouse. Finally, unlike the wild-type (WT) mouse, the N2B KO mouse did not respond to isoproterenol injections with hypertrophic remodeling. Ongoing work to elucidate the molecular pathways involving the N2B element and response to stress, is focused on its binding protein Four-and-a-half-LIM domains 2 (FHL2) and the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Taken together our data suggest that the N2B element contributes significantly to mechanotransduction in the heart.
Author Disclosures: M. Bull: None. P. Nair: None. J. Strom: None. M. Gotthardt: None. H. Granzier: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.