Abstract 37: Nrip Deficiency Leads to Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Previously, we demonstrate a gene, nuclear receptor interaction protein (NRIP, also named DCAF6 or IQWD1) as a Ca2+- dependent calmodulin binding protein that can activate calcineurin phosphatase activity. Here, we found that α-actinin-2 (ACTN2), is one of NRIP-interacting proteins from the yeast two-hybrid system using NRIP as a prey. We further confirmed the direct bound between NRIP and ACTN2 using in vitro protein-protein interaction and in vivo co-immunoprecipitation assays. To further map the binding domain of each protein, the results showed the IQ domain of NRIP responsible for ACTN2 binding, and EF hand motif of ACTN2 responsible for NRIP bound. Due to ACTN2 is a biomarker of muscular Z-disc complex; we found the co-localization of NRIP and ACTN2 in cardiac tissues by immunofluorescence assays. Taken together, NRIP is a novel ACTN2-interacting protein. To investigate insights into in vivo function of NRIP, we generated conventional NRIP-null mice. The H&E staining results are shown in the hearts of NRIP KO mice are enlarged and dilated and the cell width of NRIP KO cardiomyocyte is increased. The EM of NRIP KO heart muscles reveal the reduction of I-band width and extension length of Z-disc in sarcomere structure; and the echocardiography shows the diminished fractional shortening in heart functions. Additionally, the calcium transient and sarcomere contraction length in cardiomyocytes of NRIP KO is weaker and shorter than wt; respectively. In conclusion, NRIP is a novel Z-disc protein and has function for maintenance of sarcomere integrity structure and function for calcium transient and muscle contraction.
Author Disclosures: S. Chen: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.