Abstract 367: Lysyl Oxidase Expression by Cardiac Fibroblasts is Regulated by Integrin-mediated Signaling
Cardiac fibrosis following myocardial infarction (MI) leads to reduced cardiac function, and contributes to heart failure and mortality. Recent studies shown the extent of adverse remodeling may be mitigated by therapeutic strategies which regulate cardiac fibroblast mediated-remodeling. Since cross-linking by lysyl oxidase (LOX) increases following MI and alters the mechanical properties of the infarct, it is critical to characterize how its expression is regulated by CFs post-MI. While LOX expression is attributable to TGF-β1 signaling, we hypothesize that changes in the stiffness and composition of the ECM can also alter LOX expression via integrin-mediated signaling. To investigate this, we isolated CFs from healthy left ventricle (LV) and infarcted cardiac fibroblasts (ICFs) from 1 week post-MI LV and cultured them on tissue culture plastic (TCP) and collagen I-coated plates (COL) in serum-free media for 48 hours to assess the expression of genes associated with LOX signaling, fibrosis, and myofibroblast activation. Our results show an upregulation of LOX gene expression in both CFs and ICFs when cultured on COL and this is further emphasized with the presence of TGF-β1 (Fig. 1A). Gene expression of col1α1, integrin β1 subunit and αSMA (Fig. 1B-D) also exhibit similar upregulation. Ongoing studies will investigate how altered substrate stiffness and composition affect gene expression of LOX and other genes associated with fibrosis. By understanding the effect of the physical microenvironment on the expression of fibrotic genes including LOX, we aim to develop novel therapeutic strategies to attenuate cardiac fibrosis and thus improve cardiac recovery following MI.
Author Disclosures: A. Gao: None. L.D. Black: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.