Abstract 331: Mir-433 Controls Cardiac Fibrosis
Background: Cardiac fibrosis, a result of multiple injurious insults in heart, is a final common manifestation of chronic heart diseases and can lead to end-stage cardiac failure. MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) participate in many essential biological processes and their dysfunction has been implicated in a variety of cardiovascular diseases including fibrosis. miR-433 has recently been implicated in renal fibrosis, however, its role in cardiac fibrosis is unclear.
Methods and results: miR-433 was increased in heart samples from dilated cardiomyopathy patients as determined by qRT-PCRs. In addition, miR-433 was also consistently upregulated in mice model of cardiac fibrosis after myocardial infarction or heart failure. Additionally, miR-433 was found to be enriched in fibroblasts compared to cardiomyocytes. In neonatal cardiac fibroblasts, forced expression of miR-433 promoted cell proliferation as indicated by EdU and Ki-67 staining. Moreover, miR-433 overexpression promoted the transdifferentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts as determined by qRT-PCR and western blot for α-SMA and collagen whether in the presence of TGF-β or not, indicating that miR-433 is sufficient to induce fibrosis. In addition, knockdown of miR-433 inhibited proliferation and the transdifferentiation into myofibroblasts, indicating that miR-433 is required for cardiac fibrosis. Interestingly, miR-433 did not affect the migration of cardiac fibroblast. Importantly, miR-433 antagomir could partially attenuate cardiac fibrosis induced by myocardial infarction in mice.
Conclusion: both in vitro and in vivo. Inhibition of miR-433 represents a novel therapeutic strategy for cardiac fibrosis.
Author Disclosures: L. Tao: None. X. Wu: None. P. Chen: None. S. Li: None. X. Zhang: None. Y. Bei: None. T. Xu: None. J. Xiao: None. X. Li: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.