Abstract 278: Cardiac Med1 is Necessary for Postnatal Survival in Mice
Alterations in gene transcription are commonly associated with cardiovascular disease pathogenesis characterized by cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The phenotypic responses result in diminished cardiac contractility, ventricular dilation, fibrosis and ultimately sudden death. The mediator complex is a crucial facilitator of gene transcription; however, few studies have investigated the role of mediator in cardiovascular disease initiation and progression. A key subunit of the Mediator complex, MED1, interacts with nuclear receptors to target gene-specific transcription. To determine the role of MED1 in regulating cardiac function, we generated a heart specific knockout of MED1 (cMED1KO). Postnatal deletion of MED1 in mice results in lethality between 3 to 6 weeks of age. The cMED1KO mice display a marked increase in heart mass compared to floxed controls. Furthermore, echocardiography and histological analysis of hearts taken at 3 weeks showed that the cMED1KO animals had decreased cardiac function, increased fibrosis and a dilated left ventricle. Transcriptional changes were observed for key markers of cardiac disease including MYH7, ANF, ACTIN1. We performed RNAseq analysis to identify changes in the transciptome between cMED1KO and floxed control hearts. The analysis unveiled changes in expression of genes regulating cardiac development, metabolism and function. Taken together these results reveal a critical role for MED1 in postnatal cardiac growth and development due to altered gene expression in adult cardiomyocytes.
Author Disclosures: K.M. Spitler: None. J.M. Ponce: None. D.D. Hall: None. C.E. Grueter: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.