Abstract 27: Psychometric Testing of Instruments for Use in Women’s Cardiovascular Recovery Globally
Worldwide, 3.4 million women die each year from cardiovascular disease. After experiencing a cardiovascular event, a woman’s physical health, the women’s likelihood of being treated with coronary artery bypass graft surgery, likelihood for referral for cardiac rehabilitation are less favorable than men. An established conceptual model depicts psychosocial stressors and the influence of behavioral risk factors on the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and the occurrence of CV events. The woman’s social stressors of role quality and behavioral risk factors of low self-efficacy for physical activity are associated with physical and mental health outcomes following cardiovascular crises. The study aimed to evaluate the reliability of the translated versions (Japanese, Ukrainian, Tagalog, Hispanic and Arabic) of the worker, partner, mother Role Quality and the Self Efficacy of Lifestyle Physical Activity indices among 282 women (aged 35-92 years) representing seven cultures. The study was performed in a multi-center, multicultural context. Translations followed an established process. Results showed reliability was strong (coefficient alphas of 0.93 and 0.88). These instruments underwent first-time confirmatory factor analyses with acceptable, though borderline fit, thus providing valuable input for strengthening in future studies. Understanding a woman’s role quality and self-efficacy for lifestyle physical activity provides valuable information that assists health-care professionals to co-develop with the woman an individualized plan to reduce role stress and to initiate increased physical activity following cardiovascular episodes.
Author Disclosures: L. Gonzales: None. K. Anne: None. R. Gee: None. A. Noji: None. D. Glaser: None. A. Marsh: None. K. Marsh: None. A.M. Altman: None. N. Al Salmi: None. S. Al Sabei: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.