Abstract 248: Aberrant TGFβ Signaling as an Etiology of Left Ventricular Non-compaction Cardiomyopathy
Left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is the third most prevalent cardiomyopathy in children and has a unique phenotype with characteristically extensive hypertrabeculation of the left ventricle, similar to the embryonic left ventricle, suggesting a developmental defect of the embryonic myocardium. However, studying this disease has been challenging due to the lack of an animal model that can faithfully recapitulate the clinical phenotype of LVNC. To address this, we showed that patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) generated from a family with LVNC history recapitulated a developmental defect consistent with the LVNC phenotype at the single-cell level. We then utilized hiPSC-CMs to show that increased transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) signaling is one of the central mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of LVNC. LVNC hiPSC-CMs demonstrated decreased proliferative capacity due to abnormal activation of TGFβ signaling (Figs A-B). Exome sequencing demonstrated a mutation in TBX20, which regulates TGFβ signaling through upregulation of ITGAV, contributing to the LVNC phenotype. Inhibition of abnormal TGFβ signaling or genetic correction of the TBX20 mutation (Figs C-D) using TALEN reversed the proliferation defects seen in LVNC hiPSC-CMs. Our results demonstrate that hiPSC-CMs are a useful tool for the exploration of novel mechanisms underlying poorly understood cardiomyopathies such as LVNC. Here we provide the first evidence of activation of TGFβ signaling as playing a role in the pathogenesis of LVNC.
Author Disclosures: K. Kodo: None. S. Ong: None. F. Jahanbani: None. V. Termglinchan: None. K. InanlooRahatloo: None. A.D. Ebert: None. P. Shukla: None. O.J. Abilez: None. J.M. Churko: None. I. Karakikes: None. G. Jung: None. M.P. Snyder: None. D. Bernstein: None. J.C. Wu: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, Western States Affiliate (California, Nevada & Utah).
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.