Abstract 242: Mitophagy is Required for Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Myogenic Differentiation of Myoblasts
Myogenesis is a crucial process governing muscle development and homeostasis. Differentiation of primitive myoblasts into mature myotubes requires a metabolic switch to support the increased energetic demand of contractile muscle. Skeletal myoblasts specifically shift from a highly glycolytic state to relying predominantly on oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) upon differentiation. We have found that this phenomenon requires dramatic remodeling of the mitochondrial network involving both mitochondrial clearance and biogenesis. During early myogenic differentiation, autophagy is robustly upregulated and this coincides with DNML1/DRP1-mediated fragmentation and subsequent removal of mitochondria via p62/SQSTM-mediated mitophagy. Mitochondria are then repopulated via PPARGC1A/PGC-1α-mediated biogenesis. Mitochondrial fusion protein OPA1 is then briskly upregulated, resulting in the reformation of mitochondrial networks. The final product is a myotube replete with new mitochondria. Respirometry reveals that the constituents of these newly established mitochondrial networks are better primed for OXPHOS and are more tightly coupled than those in myoblasts. Additionally, we have found that blocking autophagy with various inhibitors during differentiation results in a blockade in myogenic differentiation. Together these data highlight the integral role of autophagy and mitophagy in myogenic differentiation.
Author Disclosures: J. Sin: None. A. Andres: None. D.J.R. Taylor: None. A. Stotland: None. C. Huang: None. R.A. Gottlieb: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.