Abstract 24: Bnip3 Provokes ROS Production and Maladaptive Autophagy by Displacing Uncoupling Protein3 (UCP3) From Cytochrome c Oxidase of Respiration Chain Complex in Cardiotoxicity
Doxorubicin is known for its cardiotoxic effects and inducing cardiac failure, however, the underlying mechanisms remain cryptic. Earlier we established the inducible - death protein, Bcl-2-like Nineteen- Kilodalton- Interacting - Protein 3 (Bnip3) to be crucial for disrupting mitochondrial function and inducing cell death of cardiac myocytes. Whether Bnip3 underlies cardiotoxic effects of doxorubicin toxicity is unknown. Herein we demonstrate a novel signaling pathway that functionally links activation and preferential mitochondrial targeting of Bnip3 to the cardiotoxic properties of doxorubicin. Perturbations to mitochondria including increased calcium loading, ROS, loss of αΨm and mPTP opening were observed in cardiac myocytes treated with doxorubicin. In mitochondria, Bnip3 forms strong association with Cytochrome c oxidase subunit1 (COX1) of respiratory chain and displaces uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) resulting in increased ROS production, decline in maximal and reserved respiration capacity and cell viability. Impaired mitochondrial function was accompanied by an accumulated increase in autophagosomes and necrosis demonstrated by increase release of LDH, cTnT and loss of nuclear High Mobility Group Protein 1 (HMGB-1) immunoreactivity. Interestingly, pharmacological or genetic inhibition of autophagy with 3-methyl adenine (3-MA), or Atg7 knock-down suppressed necrotic cell death induced by doxorubicin. Loss of function of Bnip3 restored UCP3-COX complexes, mitochondrial respiratory integrity and abrogated necrotic cell death induced by doxorubicin. Mice germ-line deficient for Bnip3 were resistant to doxorubicin cardiotoxicity displaying normal mitochondrial morphology, cardiac function and survival rates comparable to vehicle treated mice. The findings of the present study demonstrate that doxorubicin provokes maladaptive autophagy and necrotic cell death of ventricular myocytes that is mutually dependent and obligatorily linked to Bnip3.
Author Disclosures: R. Dhingra: None. V. Margulets: None. D. Jassal: None. G. Dorn II: None. L. Kirshenbaum: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.