Abstract 23: Disruption of TRAF2-TAK1-NF-κB Signaling Axis Triggers K-48 Linked Poly-Ubiquitylation of RIP1 and Necrotic Cell Death in Doxorubicin Cardiotoxicity
The anthracycline doxorubicin (Dox) is a highly effective anti-tumour agent, however, its use is limited by its severe cardiotoxic effects that manifests as heart failure. The decline in cardiac performance induced by doxorubicin remains poorly defined. A critical survival role for the canonical IKKβ -mTOR-NF-κB signaling pathway has been demonstrated in ventricular myocytes. In this report, we demonstrate that, Dox impairs IKKβ-mTOR- NF-κB signaling in ventricular myocytes accompanied by mitochondrial perturbations including mPTP, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and ROS production. IKKβ- NF-κB signaling involves TRAF 2 mediated ligation of K63- ubiquitin chains to RIP1 (Receptor Interacting Protein 1) which serves as scaffold for recruitment of ubiquitylated Tak1 complexes and phosphorylation-dependent activation of IKKβ -NF-kB signaling. Interestingly, ventricular myocytes treated with dox demonstrated reduction in expression levels of TRAF2 and TAK1, in vivo and in vitro. This was accompanied by a decline in K63- and concomitant increase in K-48 linked polyubiquitination on RIP1, impaired NF-kB activation and necrotic cell death of cardiac myocytes. Interestingly, inhibiting the kinase activity of RIP1 with Necrostatin-1, (Nec1) suppressed necrotic cell injury induced by dox but not NF-kB activation. Concordant with these findings was a marked increase in necrotic cell death in cardiac myocytes defective for IKKB signaling or MEF cells deficient for p65 treated with dox. Notably, mitochondrial perturbations, including PT-pore opening , ROS production, calcium uptake, LDH, Tn(T) and HMGB-1 release and necrotic cell injury induced by dox were completely abrogated by restoring NF-kB signaling in cardiac myocytes or Nec-1. Herein, we provide novel evidence that K-48 linked poly ubiquitylation of RIP1 provides a functional switch that impairs NF-kB activation and signals necrosis in cells treated with dox. Interventions that modulate NF-kB activity may prove beneficial in mitigating the cardiotoxic effects of dox.
Author Disclosures: R. Dhingra: None. V. Margulets: None. F. Aguilar: None. L. Kirshenbaum: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.