Abstract 220: miR-486 Mediates the Benefits of Exercise in Attenuating Cardiac Fibrosis
MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs), a novel group of small non-coding RNAs, play important roles in cardiac fibrosis. Exercise-induced physiological cardiac growth is associated with hypertrophy and proliferation of cardiomyocytes. In addition, exercise has been shown to inhibit cardiac fibrosis. However, relative little is known about whether exercise could attenuating cardiac fibrosis via targeting miRNA. miR-486 is a muscle enriched miRNAs, however, its role in heart is relative unclear. The current study aimed to investigate the role of miR-486 in exercise-induced cardiac growth in a 3-week swimming training murine model as well as in the function of cardiac fibroblasts and production of extracellular matrix (ECM) using neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts in primary culture. Our data showed that exercised mice displayed increased about three-fold expression of miR-486 in hearts as measured by microarray analysis and qRT-PCRs. EdU proliferation assays demonstrated that miR-486 mimics decreased (5.90%±0.57% vs 4.02%±0.27% in nc-mimics vs miR-486-mimics, respectively), while miR-486 inhibitor increased the proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts in vitro (5.87%±0.16% vs 9.60%±0.58% in nc-inhibitor vs miR-486-inhibitor, respectively). Although downregulation of miR-486 had no regulatory effect on α-sma and collagen-1 gene expression in cardiac fibroblasts, overexpression of miR-486 significantly reduced the mRNA level of α-sma (1.01±0.08 vs 0.28±0.04 in nc-mimics vs miR-486-mimics, respectively) and collagen-1(1.02±0.12 vs 0.58±0.09 in nc-mimics vs miR-486-mimics, respectively), indicative of attenuated activation of fibroblasts and reduced production of ECM. These data reveal that miR-486 is essentially involved in the proliferation and activation of cardiac fibroblasts, and might be a key regulator mediating the benefit of exercise in preventing cardiac fibrosis.
Author Disclosures: D. Lv: None. Y. Bei: None. Q. Zhou: None. Q. Sun: None. T. Xu: None. J. Xiao: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.