Abstract 208: Parkin Contributes to the Development of Cardiac Hypertrophy in Response to Cardiac Pressure Overload
Parkin is an E3 ubiquitin ligase known to mediate mitochondrial clearance by marking damaged mitochondria for autophagy. Our lab has previously shown that Parkin is important for stress adaptation following myocardial infarction, and that loss of Parkin leads to accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria. However, whether Parkin plays a role in cardiac adaptation to pressure overload is currently unknown. Here we investigated the functional importance of Parkin in cardiac hypertrophy and development of heart failure in response to hemodynamic stress. Wild type (WT), Parkin knock out (Parkin-/-), and cardiac-specific Parkin transgenic (Parkin-TG) mice were subjected to trans-aortic constriction (TAC). Cardiac anatomy and function was evaluated by histology and echocardiography. Inflammation and hypertrophy gene expression profiles were assessed using qPCR and immunohistochemistry. We discovered that after 2 weeks of TAC, cardiac hypertrophy markers were not increased in hearts from Parkin-/- mice, and there was no increase in the heart weight to body weight ratio (HW/BW). However, after 8 weeks of TAC, Parkin-/- mice showed similar cardiac hypertrophy and loss of function as WT hearts. Parkin deficient hearts also displayed increased interstitial and perivascular fibrosis compared to WT hearts after 8 weeks of TAC. This suggests that there is a delay in activating the hypertrophy program in the absence of Parkin, and that lack of Parkin leads to excessive fibrosis. In contrast, Parkin-TG mice showed a rapid development of hypertrophy and progression to heart failure compared to WT mice. Interestingly, we observed no differences in either mitochondrial content or LC3 levels after two weeks of TAC in Parkin-TG hearts, suggesting that the rapid development of hypertrophy and early progression to heart failure was not due to excessive mitophagy. These data suggest that Parkin plays an important role in the activation of the cardiac hypertrophy program and that this function may be independent of its role in regulating mitophagy. Thus, this study provides novel insight into the functional importance of Parkin in the heart. Additional studies are needed to determine the mechanism of how Parkin regulates cardiac hypertrophy.
Author Disclosures: S.E. Shires: None. D.A. Kubli: None. E.R. Gonzalez: None. N.H. Purcell: None. Å.B. Gustafsson: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.