Abstract 203: Cardiomyocyte T-tubule Membrane Turns Over, Releasing BIN1 Containing Microparticles into Blood
Bridging integrator 1 (BIN1) is a cardiac muscle protein that folds cardiomyocyte T-tubule membrane. BIN1 is intrinsic to cardiac health, and is reduced in acquired heart failure. Interestingly, we have found that BIN1 is also blood available, and that plasma BIN1 correlates with cardiac function, suggesting cardiac origin of plasma BIN1. We found that low plasma BIN1 correlates with failing muscle and predicts ventricular arrhythmia. However, the paradigm does not exist for an intracellular membrane associate cardiomyocyte protein to be homeostatically turned over into blood. In this study, using a mouse model with cardiac specific deletion of Bin1 gene, we identified with biochemical techniques that plasma BIN1 levels directly correlate with cardiac tissue BIN1 levels, indicating cardiac origin. Furthermore, investigations using both super-resolution fluorescent imaging and flow cytometry analysis revealed that adult ventricular cardiomyocytes constantly release BIN1 into blood via membrane microparticle production. Microparticles are small membrane vesicles shed from plasma membrane of a variety of cell types including platelets, leukocytes, and endothelial cells. Using super-resolution three-dimensional stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (3D-STORM), we found similar to the blood cells, isolated adult mouse cardiomyocytes release Annexin V positive microparticles with diameters ranging between 0.1 to 1.0 μm. These microparticles also carry BIN1 protein. Flow cytometry was also used to detect and quantify microparticles <1.0 μm in size from medium bathing a pure population of adult mouse cardiomyocytes. BIN1 microparticle release is proportional to actin stability and amount of T-tubule membrane folds. Compared to wild type cardiomyocytes, microparticle release is significantly reduced from myocytes with heterozygous deletion of Bin1 gene. These data indicate that cardiomyocyte membrane undergoes dynamic turnover, releasing T-tubule folds into blood as microparticles. Furthermore, plasma BIN1 can be used as a direct measure of cardiomyocyte health and reserve.
Author Disclosures: B. Xu: None. Y. Fu: None. T. Hong: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, National Center.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.