Abstract 198: Aberrant Endothelial-myocardial Crosstalk Causes Hypertrophy in Noonan Syndrome With Multiple Lentigines
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect worldwide; however, underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Loss-of-function mutations in PTPN11, the gene encoding the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2, are implicated in CHD and cause Noonan Syndrome with Multiple Lentigines (NSML). NSML presents with multiple cardiac defects, including hypertrophy. Here, we found that the NSML-associated adult-onset cardiac hypertrophy stems from aberrant signaling originating from developing endocardium. Embryonic NSML hearts showed diminished trabeculation and valvular hyperplasia, defects recapitulated in endocardial-, but not myocardial- or neural crest-, specific NSML mice. NSML hearts also developed ventricular septal defects, a phenotype reproduced only in myocardial-specific NSML hearts, suggesting NSML mutations have both cell autonomous and non-autonomous functions in cardiac development. Importantly, endocardial-specific expression of NSML was sufficient to induce adult-onset cardiac hypertrophy. Mechanistically, we observed aberrant AKT activity in NSML embryos, with decreased downstream FOXP1/FGF and NOTCH1/EPHB2 signaling, two pathways necessary for reciprocal crosstalk between developing endocardium and myocardium. Taken together, our data provide the first functional and disease-based evidence to suggest that critical mechanisms exist to control endocardial-myocardial crosstalk, the aberrant regulation of which may lead to CHD and adult-onset cardiac disease.
Author Disclosures: J. Lauriol: None. J.R. Cabrera: None. G.C. Segarra: None. M.E. Flessa: None. L.E. Miller: None. R. Bronson: None. K. Lee: None. M.I. Kontaridis: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, Founders Affiliate (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont).
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.