Abstract 185: Chromogranin A is a Potent Prognostic Biomarker in Acute Heart Failure, and its Fragment Catestatin Regulates Cardiomyocyte Calcium Homeostasis by Camkiiδ Inhibition
Background: Circulating chromogranin A (CgA) levels have been found associated with clinical outcomes in cardiovascular disease, but whether the CgA fragment catestatin (CST) may directly modulate cardiomyocyte Ca2+ handling is not known.
Methods: The prognostic utility of circulating CgA levels were compared between patients with acute HF (n=143) and chronic acute obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, n=84). Functional effects of CST were assessed in isolated cardiomyocyte and explanted hearts.
Results: CgA levels were associated with mortality in acute HF patients, but not in acute COPD. (Figure; patients stratified according to CgA quartiles on hospital admission). Admission CgA levels were also associated with mortality after adjusting for other risk factors in multivariate analysis. We found CST to interact with Ca2+/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein kinase II δ (CaMKIIδ) and to inhibit CaMKIIδ activity. CST also reduced CaMKIIδ-dependent phosphorylation of the ryanodine receptor 2 and phospholamban. In line with CaMKIIδ inhibition, CST reduced Ca2+ spark and wave frequency, attenuated Ca2+ sparkdimensions, increased sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ content, andaugmented magnitude and kinetics of cardiomyocyte Ca2+ transients and contractions. Frequency dependent acceleration of relaxation was most pronounced in the Control group, an indication of CaMKIIδ activation, and this was attenuated by CST.
Conclusions: CgA regulates cardiomyocyte Ca2+ handling via CaMKIIδ inhibition, which makes CgA an interesting CV biomarker and potential compensatory mechanism in situations of enhanced CaMKIIδ activity.
Author Disclosures: A. Ottesen: None. C. Carlson: None. W. Louch: None. R. Forstrøm Johansen: None. M. Stridsberg: None. H. Jarstadmarken: None. M. Bjørås: None. A. Høiseth: None. J. Brynildsen: None. T. Omland: None. G. Christensen: None. H. Røsjø: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.