Abstract 177: Interleukin 17 and Coronary Stenosis in Patients With Stable Coronary Artery Disease
Introduction: The role of the immune and inflammatory pathways in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is important but not complete understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate concentrations of the interleukins 17 (IL 17) according to severity of coronary stenosis in patients with stable CAD
Hypothesis: There is no association between severity of coronary stenosis and IL 17 in patients with stable CAD.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional, prospective, analytical study, conducted from january to september, 2013. We included 40 patients (P) with stable CAD, CCS III or IV, ischemic myocardial scintigraphy, who had not been subjected to any kind of myocardial revascularization and with coronary stenosis ≥ 50% according to current coronary angiography. There were 20 healthy volunteers (C), to take up comparison of concentrations of IL 17. Interleukins were evaluated in serum of patients and after 48 hours of cells in culture with and without stimulus. IL 17 A concentrations were expressed in pg / ml. Coronary stenosis were classified as severe (> 70%) [SS] and intermediate (50 - 69%) [MS] according to coronary angiography.
Results: Stenosis ≥ 50% were found in the anterior descending artery in 31 patients, in the left circumflex artery in 19 patients, and in the right coronary artery in 24 patients. No cases of stenosis were observed in the left main. Eighteen patients (45%) had single-artery disease, 8 patients (20%) had two-artery disease, and 14 patients (35%) had multiarterial disease. The comparison between the groups showed: IL 17: Serum: P with SS = 3.91 (3.91 -- 72.27) vs P with MS = 3.91 (3.91 -- 3.91) vs C = 3.91 (3.91 -- 28.8), p = 0.53; culture 48 hours without stimulus: P with SS = 3.91 (3.91 -- 3.91) vs P with MS = 3.91 (3.91 -- 86.8) vs C = 3.91 (3.91 -- 53.3), p = 0.55; culture 48 hours with stimulus: P with SS = 241.8 (3.91 -- 2200) vs P with MS = 217.5 (3.91 -- 1346) vs C = 154.3 (3.91 -- 1353), p = 0.7.
Conclusions: There were no differences in concentrations of IL 17 according to severity of coronary stenosis, does not matter in serum or cell in culture. In conclusion, there was no association between severity of coronary stenosis and IL 17 in patients with stable CAD
Author Disclosures: D. Oliveira: None. E. Heide: None. M. Pita: None. D.A.G. Oliveira: None. R. Pontes: None. I. Pitta: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.