Abstract 127: Structure and Function Relationship of Phospholipid Transfer Protein in Lipid Transfer Activity Revealed by Electron Microscopy
Human phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) mediates the transfer of lipids among atheroprotective high-density lipoproteins (HDL) and atherogenic low-density lipoproteins (LDL) by an unknown mechanism. Delineating this mechanism would be an important step toward the understanding and regulation of PLTP for treating cardiovascular diseases, hypoalphalipoproteinemia and hyperalphalipoproteinemia. Using electron microscopy, negative-staining, and single-particle image processing, we discovered that PLTP penetrates each class of HDL, LDL and liposome independently, and also bridges a ternary complex with one of its distal end-domains penetrating into HDL and another distal domain interacting with LDL. These new insights into PLTP interaction with lipoproteins and liposomes provide a molecular basis for analyzing PLTP-dependent lipid transfer between lipoprotein particles.
Author Disclosures: M. Zhang: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.