Abstract 124: Sam68 Impedes the Recovery of Arterial Injury by Augmenting Inflammatory Response
Background: The role of Src-associated in mitosis 68 kDa (Sam68) in cardiovascular biology has not been studied. A recent report suggests that Sam68 suppresses TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation. Since NF-κB plays a critical role in vascular inflammation and injury via generation of inflammatory cytokines and recruitment of inflammatory cells, we sought to dissect the mechanism by which Sam68 regulates NF-κB signaling and its functional significance during vascular injury.
Methods & Results: The endothelial denudation injury was induced in the carotid arteries of Sam68-/- and WT mice. Sam68-/- mice displayed an accelerated re-endothelialization and attenuated neointima hyperplasia, which was associated with a reduced number of macrophages and lowered expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (i.e., TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6) in the injured vessels. Importantly, the ameliorated vascular remodeling was recapitulated in WT mice after transplantation of bone marrow (BM) from Sam68-/- mice, suggesting beneficial role was attributed largely to BM-derived inflammatory cells. In cultured Raw264.7 macrophages, knockdown of Sam68 resulted in a significant reduction in the TNF-α-induced expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 and in the level of nuclear phospho-p65, indicating an attenuated NF-κB activation. These results were confirmed in peritoneal macrophages and macrophages differentiated from BM mononuclear cells of Sam68-/- and WT mice. To identify molecular mechanisms, Raw264.7 cells were treated with TNF-α and Vehicle, followed by Sam68 co-immunoprecipitation and mass-spec identification of Sam68-interacting proteins. Specifically, TNF-α treatment results in altered interactions of Sam68 with Filamin A (FLNA), a cytoskeleton protein known to be involved in NF-κB activation. Loss- and gain-of-function of Sam68 and FLNA suggest their mutual dependence in NF-κB activation and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression, and Sam68 is required for TRAF2-FLNA interaction.
Conclusions: Our results for the first time suggest that Sam68 promotes pro-inflammatory response in injured arteries and impedes recovery, and this effect is attributed, in part, to the exaggerated NF-κB activity via Sam68-FLNA interaction and consequent TRAF2 stabilization.
Author Disclosures: S. Han: None. J. Zhou: None. B.T. Arnone: None. D. Biyashev: None. C. Boriboun: None. R. Kishore: None. D.W. Losordo: None. G. Qin: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.