Abstract 106: Pluripotent Stem Cell Microrna-294 Induces Cardiomyocyte Proliferation and Augments Cardiac Function After Myocardial Infarction
Rationale: Embryonic heart is characteristic of rapidly dividing cardiomyocytes that give rise to sufficient numbers required to build a working myocardium. In contrast, cardiomyocytes retain some proliferative capacity in the neonates but lose most of it in adulthood. Embryonic stem cell cycle (ESCC) miRs are a class of microRNAs regulating the unique cell cycle of ESCs and their characteristic pluripotency. Nevertheless, expression of miR-294, a member of the ESCC miRs is lost during developmental transitions from the ESCs to mature cells. Effect of miR-294 to induce cardiac proliferation and heart function has not been previously studied.
Objective: To determine whether miR-294 drives cardiomyocyte cell cycle reentry leading to augmentation of cardiac function after myocardial infarction.
Methods and Results: miR expression analysis in the heart during development revealed elevated levels of miR-294 in the prenatal stages while the expression was lost in the neonates and adults as confirmed by qRT-PCR. Neonatal ventricular cardiomyocytes (NRVMs) were treated with miR-294 mimic to determine the effect on proliferation and cell cycle. Elevated mRNA levels of cyclins A2, E1, CDK2 together with c-myc, E2F1 and E2F3 was observed in NRVMs treated with 25nM mimic for miR-294. Additionally, miR-294 treated NRVMs showed in AKT phosphorylation along with enhanced protein levels of cyclin D1 and E2F1. Increased expression of p-histone 3, Ki67 and Aurora B kinase (G2/M) was confirmed by immunocytochemistry in NRVMs after miR-294 treatment compared to control cells. Administration of miR-294 in mice subjected to myocardial infarction demonstrated augmentation of cardiac function in mice receiving miR-294 8 weeks after injury. Increase myocyte proliferation was observed in the heart after miR-294 treatment as analyzed by BrdU uptake, p-Histone 3 and Aurora B expression by immunostaining. Concurrently, a decrease in infarct size along with decreased apoptosis was observed in the miR-294 hearts compared to the control.
Conclusion: Ectopic expression of miR-294 recapitulates embryonic signaling and enhances cardiomyocyte ability to proliferate and reenter the cell cycle leading to augmented cardiac function in mice after myocardial infarction.
Author Disclosures: M. Khan: None. E. Nickoloff: None. J. Johnson: None. S. Verma: None. J. Ibetti: None. V.N.S. Garikipati: None. J. Zhou: None. C. Benedict: None. W.J. Koch: None. R. Kishore: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, National Center.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.