Abstract 94: Comparison of Ultrasound and Compact MRI for the Assessment of Cardiac Function in Mice
Introduction: Ultrasound (US) is a standard for the assessment of cardiovascular function. Pre-clinically, this is due the modality’s translational potential, its high temporal resolution and the absence of infrastructure. Recent advancements in novel high-performance compact MRI has made cardiac MRI a more accessible technique for assessing a variety of pathologies in murine models of CVD while reducing the complexity and costs traditionally associated with superconducting MRI systems. These developments may allow compact MRI to overcome some of the limitations of US meanwhile producing viable solutions for quantification along with new capabilities for cardiovascular biomarker assessment.
Hypothesis: This study explores the relative capabilities of novel compact high-performance MRI compared to HFU for phenotypic analysis of mouse models of CVD.
Methods: Four normal and one induced myocardial infarct C57BL/6 mice were imaged using both US and MRI. MI mice were prepared by ligation of the left anterior descending artery. In order to assess the ability of each modality to qualitatively and quantitatively characterize cardiac function, CINE loops of long axis and short axis slices were acquired with both systems and analyzed offline. In addition to traditional measures of cardiac function, strain analysis was performed using the HARP method for compact MRI and using speckle tracking for US. Finally, a cardiac MRI method for mapping and measuring infarct extent using gadolinium (Gd) contrast agents is described.
Results and Conclusions: Although compact MRI has lower temporal resolution, when compared with US, it still provides many advantages in pre-clinical CVD imaging. In particular, because MRI signal is not attenuated by dense tissue or air, compact MRI can successfully generate artefact-free imaging of pathologies difficult or impossible to image with US, such as clearly visualizing and quantifying endo and epicardial borders. It also provides a whole body image and a “whole heart” image, making pre-clinical CV imaging easier for biologists and helping to reduce inter-operator variability. Finally, high sensitivity to Gd-based contrast agent with compact MRI enable new applications such as infarct quantification.
Author Disclosures: T. Coulthard: 1. Employment; Significant; Full time Employee J. Wu: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.