Abstract 270: Rnd3/RhoE Haploinsufficient Mice are Hypersensitive to Pressure Overload and Develop Apoptotic Cardiomyopathy with Heart Failure
Rationale: Rho family guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) 3 (Rnd3, also called RhoE), a member of the small Rho GTPase family, has been suggested to regulate cell actin cytoskeleton dynamics, cell migration, and apoptosis through the Rho kinase-dependent signaling pathway. The biological function of Rnd3 in the heart is unknown. The downregulation of small GTPase Rnd3 transcripts was found in patients with end-stage heart failure. The pathological significance of Rnd3 loss in the transition to heart failure remains unexplored.
Objective: To investigate the functional consequence of Rnd3 downregulation and the associated molecular mechanism.
Methods and Results: we generated Rnd3+/- haploinsufficient mice to mimic the downregulation of Rnd3 observed in the failing human heart. Rnd3+/- mice were viable; however, the mice developed heart failure after pressure overload by transverse aortic constriction (TAC). Remarkable apoptosis, increased caspase-3 activity, and elevated Rho kinase activity were detected in the Rnd3+/- haploinsufficient animal hearts. Pharmacological inhibition of Rho kinase by Fasudil treatment partially improved Rnd3+/- mouse cardiac functions and attenuated myocardial apoptosis. To determine if Rho associated coiled-coil kinase 1 (ROCK1) was responsible for Rnd3 deficiency-mediated apoptotic cardiomyopathy, we established a double knockout mouse line, the Rnd3 haploinsufficient mice with ROCK1-null background (Rnd3+/-/ROCK1-/-). Again, genetic deletion of ROCK1 partially but not completely rescued Rnd3 deficiency-mediated heart failure phenotype.
Conclusion: Downregulation of Rnd3 correlates with cardiac loss of function as in heart failure patients. Hyperactivation of Rho kinase activity is responsible in part for the apoptotic cardiomyopathy development. Further investigation of ROCK1-independent mechanisms in Rnd3-mediated cardiac remodeling should be the focus for future study.
Author Disclosures: X. Yue: None X. Yang: None X. Lin: None T. Yang: None X. Yi: None Y. Dai: None J. Chang: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, South Central Affiliate (Arkansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma & Texas).
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.