Abstract 357: Branched-Chain Amino Acid Metabolic Reprogramming in Heart Failure
Metabolic remodeling is an integral part of heart failure. Current studies are largely focusing on glucose and fatty acid metabolism, while little is known about the changes in amino acid homeostasis during heart failing process. Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs), including leucine, isoleucine, and valine, serve as not only essential building blocks for protein synthesis, but also important energy source and signaling molecules that have significant effects on cell growth and function. In this study, we demonstrated that the BCAA catabolic intermediate branched-chain keto acid (BCKA) accumulated in both mouse and human failing heart. BCAA catabolic genes were selectively and significantly down-regulated at both mRNA and protein levels in failing heart in mice, mimicking a similar expression pattern observed in neonatal heart. Using both in vitro and in vivo models, we established that BCAA catabolic genes were regulated by Krüppel-like factor 15 (KLF15), a key transcriptional regulator for glucose, fat, and amino acid nutrient homeostasis, suggesting that the KLF15-mediated BCAA catabolic regulation is part of the metabolic remodeling during heart failure. Genetic ablation of PP2Cm, a key regulator of BCAA catabolism, led to a significant impairment of BCAA catabolic activities and accumulation of BCKA in cardiac tissue. Importantly, PP2Cm deficiency accelerated heart failure under pressure overload. PP2Cm deficiency or elevated BCKA induced oxidative stress in cardiomyocytes and impairment of oxygen consumption and ATP production of mitochondria. Antioxidant treatment ameliorated the heart failure progression in PP2Cm deficient animals. Taken together, our data established for the first time that BCAA catabolic reprogramming is an integral component of metabolic remodeling during heart failure, and this remodeling can significantly contribute to heart failure progression.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.