Abstract 353: Hdac Class I Inhibition Diminished Cd90+ Cardiac Fibroblast Activation Via Gsk3b/β-catenin Pathway.
Myofibroblast activation is one of the major mechanisms of scar formation and interstitial myocardial fibrosis after myocardial infarction (MI) and subsequent heart failure. Elucidating the mechanisms of myofibroblast activation will provide a strategy to treat heart failure. Histone Deacetylases (HDAC) were reported to regulate myofibroblast differentiation and extracellular matrix deposition in lung, kidney and liver fibrosis. Furthermore, HDAC inhibitors were shown to retard myocardial remodeling, interstitial fibrosis and improve cardiac function after MI. However, the mechanisms are unclear. Here we examined whether HDAC1/2 are up-regulated after MI, identify which myocardial cell type is predominately expressing HDAC, and examine the effects of HDAC inhibition on myocardial fibrosis. MI was created in rats by ligation of the left coronary artery. We found that, in sham rats, HDACs were uniformly expressed in both right and left ventriculars. On the other hand, we observed up-regulation of both HDAC1 and 2 in the infarcted LV following MI. In addition, HDAC1 and 2 were co-localized with cardiac fibroblast markers CD90, Vimentin, and αSMA in the infarcted area. Treatment of CD90+ cells isolated from both CHF and sham atrial culture with pan HDAC inhibitor (100 nM, or 300 nM) TSA diminished cardiac fibroblasts activation as indicated by the decrease in αSMA and the increase in E-cadherin gene expressions. Similarly, treatment of CD90 cells with a specific HDAC class I inhibitor (2 μM, Mocetinostat) upregulated E-cadherin and diminished the markers of fibrosis (αSMA, MMP-2, and Collagen III).The decrease in fibroblast activation by HDAC inhibition was associated with increase in p-Gsk3β/Gsk3β ratio and β-catenin protein content. In addition, Mocetinostat treatment of CD90+ cells up-regulated cleaved-Caspase3, an indicator of apoptosis. Taken together, diminishing cardiac fibroblast activation using HDAC class I inhibitor appears to be dependent on Gsk3β/β-catenin pathway.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.