Abstract 335: Activation of BKCa Channels With Rottlerin Greatly Improves Cardiac Functional Improvement Following Surgical Ischemia Associated With Cardioplegic Arrest.
Introduction: BKCa channels are thought to provide protection during ischemic insults in the heart. Rottlerin, has been implicated as a potent BKCa activator, however this has not been firmly established. The purpose of this study was two fold: 1) assess the specificity of rottlerin for BKCa channels and 2) investigate the efficacy of BKCa channel activation as a cardioprotective agent during cardioplegia/reperfusion (CP/R).
Methods: Wild type and BKCa knock-out mice with and without rottlerin (only administered in CP) were subjected to an isolated heart model of CP/R. Hearts were perfused for 30 min at 37C (baseline), followed by intermittent cold crystalloid cardioplegia (intermittent St Thomas II, 10C), and normothermic, normoxic, reperfusion for 30 min. In additional studies, mechanism of rottlerin-induced cardioprotection was investigated using H9c2 cells subjected to in vitro CP/reoxygenation and assessed for mitochondrial membrane potential (TMRE) and ROS (DCFDA) production.
Results: CP and 30 min reperfusion decreased LVDP (58.7 +/- 5 % baseline, n=8 ), +/- dP/dt ( 71.1+/- 6.4, 59.2 +/-6.6, % baseline respectively) and coronary flow (CF) (66.8+/-7.4, %baseline) in wild type mice. Rottlerin, (100 (n=3), 500 nM (n=5)) delivered in the CP solution dose dependently increased the recovery of LV function and CF to near baseline levels (500 nM rottlerin, LVDP: 94.1+/- 2.3, +/-dPdt: 99.6 +/- 7.2, 111.0+/- 15.0, % baseline, and CF: 128.9 +/-30.0 %baseline ). BKCa KO hearts treated with (n=4)or without (n=3) 500nM rottlerin, were similar to wt CP hearts, showing no improved cardioprotection (BKCa KO + 500 nM rott: LVDP: 57.7+/- 4.0, +/-dP/dt 69.5 +/-12.0, 59.8+/- 4.9, and CF 73 +/- 6.7). H9c2 cells subjected to in vitro CP/R, displayed reduced mitochondrial membrane potential (39% +/-.09 % decrease relative to control, p<.01) and increased ROS generation (50%+/-.04 increase, p<.01), both of which were dose dependently normalized by rottlerin (100 nM-1 uM) (minimum n=8).
Conclusions: Activation of BKCa channels profoundly rescues ischemic damage associated with CP, likely via mitochondrial effects on improved mitochondrial membrane potential and reduced ROS generation.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.