Abstract 311: Measurements of cAMP Dynamics in the SERCA2 Microdomain in Adult Mouse Cardiomyocytes using a Targeted FRET Biosensor
PURPOSE: cAMP is a central regulator of cardiac function and disease. This global second messenger acts in a compartmentalized fashion, and changes in cAMP dynamics are linked to cardiac diseases. In this project, we visualized cAMP signals directly in such microdomains to gain insights into the molecular mechanisms involved in cAMP compartmentation and its alterations in hypertrophy.
Methods: We generated transgenic mice expressing a new Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based cAMP sensor Epac1-camps-PLN to measure cAMP dynamics in the microdomain around the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase 2 (SERCA2). This sensor is targeted to SERCA2 via phospholamban (PLN).
Results: Colocalization and cell fractionation analysis confirmed proper localization of the sensor in transgenic mouse hearts. qPCR analysis revealed a two-fold overexpression of PLN. However, no adverse cardiac phenotype could be detected by histological analysis and heart weight to body weight ratios. Local cAMP dynamics were measured using freshly isolated adult ventricular myocytes and compared to cAMP signals in the bulk cytosol using cardiomyocytes from Epac1-camps mice. We detected the predominant role of phosphodiesterases (PDEs) 4 and 3 in the SERCA2 compartment under basal conditions. These PDEs were responsible for shaping the microdomain and its segregation from the cytosolic compartment. Interestingly, beta1-adrenergic stimulation led to a stronger increase of local cAMP in the SERCA2 compartment compared to the bulk cytosol. 8 weeks after transverse aortic constriction (TAC), PDE4 activity was downregulated in the SERCA2 microdomain compared to sham cardiomyocytes.
Conclusion: We successfully generated transgenic mice expressing the targeted Epac1-camps-PLN biosensor to visualize cAMP dynamics in the SERCA2 compartment. We could show distinct cAMP dynamics around the SERCA2 compartment compared to the bulk cytosol and uncovered its alterations in hypertrophied cardiomyocytes
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.