Abstract 303: HDL Mimetic Peptide 4F Rescues Pre-existing Pulmonary Hypertension via MicroRNA 193-3p
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a chronic lung disease associated with severe vascular disorders leading to right ventricular(RV) failure. An HDL mimetic peptide, 4F, has been shown to be effective for the treatment of atherosclerosis and a number of inflammatory disorders. Here, we explored whether 4F can rescue advanced PH by controlling the expression of specific microRNAs (miRs). PH was induced in rats by a single injection of monocrotaline (MCT, 60mg/kg, s.c.) or by placing mice in hypoxia chamber(O2≤10%) for 21 days. MCT-rats or hypoxic mice received 4F therapy (50mg/kg/day, s.c.,days 21-30 in MCT model and days 14-21 in hypoxia model). We performed microRNA microarray analysis (non-affymetrix) in lung tissues of CTRL, PH and 4F-rescued groups. OE of miR193 was achieved by intratracheal instillation of 20nM dose at days 16, 21 and 26 in MCT model or at days 14 and 18 in hypoxia model.
4F therapy starting after the establishment of PH in both MCT and hypoxia models improved significantly RV pressure (RVP) and RV hypertrophy index (RVP=46±3 vs RVP=74±1 mmHg in PH; RV/LV+IVS=0.38±0.02 vs RV/(LV+IVS)=0.68±0.05 in PH, p<0.05 vs PH and in hypoxia model RVP=22±3.8 vs. 36.91±5.74 in PH and 20.93±2.52mmHg in ctrl, p<0.05 vs PH ). Microarray and qPCR showed downregulation of miR-193 by ~3 fold in MCT model. 4F therapy normalized miR-193 to ctrl levels. MiR-193 OE in both MCT-rats and hypoxic-mice rescued PH (RVP=38±5.5mmHg, RV/LV+IVS=0.37±0.034 in MCT-rats and RVP=25.48±0.88mmHg in hypoxic-mice). Lung sections showed increased arteriolar muscularization and ox-LDL deposition in the PH group, prevented by miR-193 therapy. In vivo, OE of miR-193 suppressed transcription of in-silico targets ALOX5, a lipoxygenase; IGF1R, insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor and ARHGEF12, a Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor and decreased human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (HPASMC) proliferation in vitro in the presence of serum or 12-HETE by >2 folds whereas miR-193 KD increased proliferation.
In conclusion, 4F rescues pre-existing severe PH by targeting genes associated with HETEs and HODEs production, inflammation and growth via inducing miR-193.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.