Abstract 300: Protein Kinase G Positively Regulates Proteasome-mediated Degradation of Misfolded Proteins
Objectives: Proteasome functional insufficiency is implicated in a large subset of cardiovascular diseases and may play an important role in their pathogenesis, evidenced by increased protein aggregates and ubiquitinated proteins. The regulation of proteasome function is poorly understood, hindering the development of effective strategies to improve proteasome function. We sought to establish the role of protein kinase G (PKG) in these debilitating conditions, for which there is currently no cure.
Methods and Results: PKG was manipulated genetically and pharmacologically in cultured cardiomyocytes. Activation of PKG increased proteasome peptidase activities, facilitated proteasome-mediated degradation of surrogate (GFPu) and bona fide misfolded proteins (CryABR120G), and attenuated CryABR120G overexpression-induced accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins and cellular injury. PKG inhibition elicited the opposite responses. Differences in the abundance of the key 26S proteasome subunits Rpt6 and β5 between PKG manipulated and the control groups were not statistically significant, but the isoelectric points of were shifted by PKG activation. In transgenic mice expressing a surrogate substrate (GFPdgn), PKG activation by sildenafil increased myocardial proteasome activities and significantly decreased myocardial GFPdgn protein levels. Sildenafil treatment significantly increased myocardial PKG activity and significantly reduced myocardial accumulation of CryABR120G, ubiquitin conjugates, and aberrant protein aggregates in mice with CryABR120G-based desmin-related cardiomyopathy. No discernible effect on bona fide native substrates of the ubiquitin-proteasome system was observed from PKG manipulation in vitro or in vivo.
Conclusions: PKG positively regulates proteasome activities and proteasome-mediated degradation of misfolded proteins likely through posttranslational modifications to proteasome subunits. Improved protein quality control is liekly a new mechanism underlying the benefit of PKG stimulation in treating cardiac diseases. Stimulation of PKG by measures such as sildenafil administration is potentially a novel therapeutic strategy to treat cardiac proteinopathies.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.