Abstract 297: Cardiac Transforming-growth-factor β-stimulated Clone 22 Gene Expression By Hypertrophic Stimuli
Objectives: Transforming-growth-factor β-stimulated clone 22 (TSC-22) is a leucine zipper protein expressed in many tissues and possessing various transcription-modulating activities. However, its function in the heart remains largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to characterize the cardiac TSC-22 expression.
Methods: Acute pressure overload was accomplished in conscious Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats by intravenous infusion of arginine8 -vasopressin (AVP, 0.05 μg/kg/min) for 4 hours and subcutaneous infusion of angiotensin II (Ang II, 33 μg/kg/h) with and without Ang II receptor type 1 blocker losartan (400 μg/kg/h) by using osmotic minipumps for 2 weeks. Adenovirus-mediated intramyocardial gene transfer of TSC-22 was performed into left ventricle (LV) of SD rats. Experimental myocardial infarction (MI) was produced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVM) were treated with endothelin-1 (ET-1, 100 nM).
Results: A significant 1.6-fold increase (P<0.05) in LV TSC-22 mRNA levels was noted already after 1 hour AVP infusion. Moreover, Ang II infusion markedly upregulated TSC-22 expression, LV mRNA levels being highest at 6 hours (11-fold, P<0.001). Simultaneous infusion of losartan completely abolished Ang II-induced increase in TSC-22 mRNA levels. Adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of TSC-22 into LV resulted a 1.9-fold (P<0.001) increase in TSC-22 mRNA levels, accompanied by upregulated BNP mRNA levels (1.4-fold, P<0.01). In response to experimental MI, TSC-22 mRNA levels were elevated 4.1-fold (P<0.001) at 1 day and 1.9-fold (P<0.05) at 4 weeks. In cultured NRVM, ET-1 treatment increased TSC-22 mRNA levels from 1 h to 24 h, the greatest increase being observed at 12 h (2.7-fold, P<0.001). TSC-22 protein levels were upregulated from 4 h to 24 h with the highest increase at 24 h (4.7-fold, P<0.01).
Conclusion: These results indicate that TSC-22 expression is rapidly activated in response to pressure overload, MI and in ET-1 treated cultured NRVM. Moreover, adenovirus-mediated overexpression of TSC-22 mRNA was associated with elevated left ventricular BNP mRNA levels.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.