Abstract 293: Tcf7l2 Expression And Isoform Switching In Mouse Hearts
Lu Xiao, Haiqing Bai, James Boyer, Bo Ye, Ning Hou, Haodong Xu, and Faqian Li Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA
Backgrounds: Canonical Wnt signaling appears to have multiphasic and often antagonistic roles in cardiac development. The molecular mechanism for these opposing actions is not clear. We hypothesized that alternative splicing of TCF7L2, a nuclear interaction partner of beta-catenin is involved in the specificity of canonical Wnt signaling.
Methods: RT-PCR were performed on embryonic (E16.5) and neonatal (day 8) hearts with primers spanning the end of first exon and the beginning of last exon and the products were cloned and sequenced.
Result: There are totally 18 exons identified so far in TCF7L2. We sequenced 56 clones and 53 clones (29 from day 8) and (24 from E16.5) contained TCF7L2 sequences. No exon 6 or exon 17 was found in TCF7L2 transcripts of mouse hearts. Most clones (more than 80%) from E16.5 and day 8 hearts excluded exon 4. Both E16.5 and day 8 hearts had one clone with exon 9 deletion which does not change reading frame and another with alterations in exon 3 that lead to reading frame shift and premature stop codon. As reported in other organs, there were extensive alternative splicing in the C-terminal exons 14, 15 and 16. The inclusion of exon 14 was more frequently in day 8 (18 of 29, 62%) than in E16.5 (8 of 24, 33%) hearts. The peptide encoded by exon 14 has conserved functional motif. Additionally, this alternative exon usage can change the C-terminus of TCF7L2 to include or exclude the so-called E tail with two binding motifs for C-terminal binding protein.
Conclusion: The isoform switch of TCF7L2 occurs in neonatal mouse hearts and may have a role in the terminal differentiation of cardiac myocytes during this period.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.