Abstract 290: Haemogenic Endocardium Contribute To Definitive Hematopoiesis During Cardiogenesis
The circulatory system is the first functional organ system that develops during mammalian life. Accumulating evidences suggest that cardiac and endocardial cells can arise from a single common progenitor cell during mammalian cardiogenesis. Notably, these early cardiac progenitors express multiple hematopoietic transcription factors, consistent with previous reports. Indeed, a close relationship among cardiac, endocardial and hematopoietic lineages has been suggested in fly, zebrafish, and embryonic stem cell in vitro differentiation models. However, it is unclear when, where and how this hematopoietic gene program is in operation during in vivo mammalian cardiogenesis. Hematopoietic colony assay suggests that mouse heart explants generate myeloids and erythroids in the absence of circulation, suggesting that the heart tube is a de novo site for the definitive hematopoiesis. Lineage tracing revealed that putative cardiac-derived Nkx2-5+/Isl1+ endocardial cells give rise to CD41+ hematopoietic progenitors that contribute to definitive hematopoiesis in vivo and ex vivo during embryogenesis earlier than in the AGM region. Furthermore, Nkx2-5 and Isl1 are both required for the hemogenic activity of the endocardium. Together, identification of Nkx2-5/Isl1-dependent hemogenic endocardial cells (1) adds hematopoietic component in the cardiogenesis lineage tree, (2) changes the long-held dogma that AGM is the only major source of definitive hematopoiesis in the embryo proper, and (3) represents phylogenetically conserved fundamental mechanism of cardio-vasculo-hematopoietic differentiation pathway during the development of circulatory system.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.