Abstract 280: Deficiency of FKBP12 in the Heart Leads to Impaired Contractility and Pregnancy Induced Cardiomyopathy
FK506 Binding Proteins (FKBPs) are a family of cis-trans prolyl isomerases that bind rapamycin and FK506. FKBP12 and 12.6 interact with ryanodine receptors (RyR), homotetrameric transmembrane ion channels that regulate Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). FKBP12 interacts with RyR1 in skeletal muscle and FKBP12.6 interacts with RyR2 in cardiac muscle to regulate the Ca2+ leak properties of these channels. Recently it has been suggested that FKBP12 also plays a role in regulating RyR2 activity. Using mice with a cardiac specific deficiency in FKBP12, we analyzed the role of FKBP12 in cardiac function.
We found that both male and female mice with a α-MyHC Cre/Lox mediated deficiency in FKBP12 in the heart (FKBP12 KD) developed a mild dilated cardiomyopathy, with enlarged left ventricular diameter both during systole and diastole, decreased ejection fraction and decreased fractional shortening. To elucidate the mechanism for these effects we assessed Ca2+ sparks in isolated cardiomyocytes. We found an increase in both Ca2+ spark frequency and spark amplitude in FKBP12 cardiac deficient mice without a change in spark duration. Despite a mild phenotype in adult mice, we found that approximately 25% of all pregnancies (26/106) in the FKBP12 deficient mice resulted in the mothers dying following the birth. Autopsies show that these cardiac specific FKBP12 deficient mice had increased heart weight and significantly dilated ventricles compared to female Cre mice. Our data suggest that a cardiac specific deficiency in FKBP12 leads to the development of pregnancy induced cardiomyopathy. Echocardiography on FKBP12 deficient mice one day after giving birth found that there was no significant difference in ejection fraction or fractional shortening compared to α-MyHC Cre control mice. FKBP12 deficient females, however, had larger hearts and 50% (2/4) displayed heart failure and died. In conclusion, we show that FKBP12 does indeed alter Ca2+ handling in the heart and that a loss of FKBP12 leads to the development of pregnancy induced cardiomyopathies in females.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.