Abstract 275: Interleukins 17th and 22th in Stable Coronary Artery Disease
Introduction: The role of the immune and inflammatory pathways in coronary artery disease (CAD) is important but not complete understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate expressions of the interleukins 17th and 22th in patients with stable coronary artery disease.
Hypothesis: Interleukins 17th and 22th are not increased in stable CAD.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional, prospective, analytical study, conducted from August to December 2012. We included 40 patients (P) with stable CAD, CCS III or IV, ischemic myocardial scintigraphy, who had not been subjected to any kind of myocardial revascularization and with coronary stenosis equal or major than 50% according to current coronary angiography. There were 20 healthy volunteers (C), to take up comparison of expression of interleukins (IL). We evaluated the levels of IL 17th and 22th of the patients and controls. Interleukins were evaluated in serum of patients and after 48 hours of cells in culture with and without stimulus. IL concentrations were expressed in pg / ml. Statistical analysis was performed using the Mann-Whitney or Student t test. P ≤ 0,05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: There were 26 men and 14 women in the group of the patients and 12 men and 8 women in the controls. The age was similar between the groups (63.2 ± 8.9 years vs 57.9 ± 9.4, p = ns). The comparison between the groups showed: Interleukin 17th: Serum: P = 3.9 (972.2 -- 2.93) vs C = 3.90 (28.8 -- 1.74), p = 0.5; culture 48 hours without stimulus: P = 3.90 (3.90 -- 3.90) vs C = 6.37 (3.90 - 11), p = 0.8; culture 48 hours with stimulus: P = 302.42 (2200 -- 3.90) vs C = 815 (1353 -- 3.90), p = 0.06. Interleukin 22th: Serum: P = 15.62 (64.72 -- 15.62) vs C = 15.62 (121 -- 15.62), p = 0.2; Culture 48 hours without stimulus: P = 11 (128.93 -- 7.81) vs C = 7.81 (7.81 -- 7.81), P = 0.8; Culture 48 hours with stimulus: P = 135 (2486.7 -- 7, 81) vs C = 322.86 (1319.11 -- 7.81), p = 0.4.
Conclusions: There were no differences in concentrations of interleukins, but the trend of higher expression of the IL 17th in the controls after cell culture with stimulus. In conclusion, in patients with stable CAD the interleukins 17th and 22th did not exhibit increased concentrations.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.