Abstract 269: Cardiac Specific Disruption of Drp-1 Causes the Development of Cardiac Dysfunction via Inhibition of Autophagy and Induction of Apoptosis
Fission and fusion affect mitochondrial turnover in part by modulating mitophagy. This study aimed to clarify the role of mitochondrial fission in regulating cardiac function and autophagy in the heart. Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp-1) plays an essential role in mediating mitochondrial fission. Therefore, we generated cardiac specific Drp-1 KO mice and utilized cultured cardiomyocytes transduced with adenovirus harboring short hairpin Drp-1 (Ad-shDrp-1) to test the effect of Drp-1 disruption both in vivo and in vitro. In Drp-1 KO hearts we observed a significantly greater mitochondrial mass ratio compared to control, as assessed by electron microscopy (Drp-1 KO: 3.57 ± 1.38, control: 1.18 ± 0.31, P<0.05). Mitochondrial ATP content was significantly lower (0.70 ± 0.07 vs 1.03 ± 0.10, P<0.05), while mitochondrial swelling was significantly greater (% decrease in absorbance; 8.01 ± 1.99 vs 2.01 ± 0.58, P<0.05) in Drp-1 KO hearts versus control. Mitochondrial membrane potential, assessed by JC-1 staining, was significantly reduced in myocytes with knockdown of Drp-1. Taken together, these results suggest that inhibition of fission causes mitochondrial dysfunction. We also examined the effect of Drp-1 depletion on autophagy. We found that the amount of LC-3 II was significantly less (0.47 ± 0.16 vs 1.32 ±0.34, P<0.05), whereas p62 expression was significantly greater (1.14 ± 0.16 vs 0.16 ± 0.06, P<0.01) in Drp-1 KO hearts compared to control. The number of LC3 dots in Ad-shDrp-1 transduced myocytes was lower than that of sh-scramble treatment. We investigated apoptosis and found that the amount of cleaved caspase-3 (0.62 ± 0.24 vs 0.18 ± 0.04, P<0.05) and the number of TUNEL positive cells (0.22 ± 0.12 vs 0.03 ± 0.06%, P<0.01) were higher in Drp-1 KO versus control hearts. Cardiac systolic function was reduced (ejection fraction; 44.5 ± 6.3 vs 85.4 ± 5.7%, P<0.01) and LVW/tibia length was greater (4.48 ± 0.38 vs 3.84 ± 0.58, P<0.05) in Drp-1 KO mice compared to control. Finally, we observed that the survival rate of Drp-1 KO mice was significantly reduced compared to control mice. Our results demonstrate that inhibition of mitochondrial fission via disruption of Drp-1 inhibits autophagy and causes mitochondrial dysfunction, thereby promoting cardiomyopathy.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.