Abstract 265: Assessment Of Oxidative DNA Double Strand Break And Repair In Cardiomyocytes
Backgrounds: DNA damage occurs in cardiomyocytes during normal cellular metabolism and is significantly increased under cardiac stresses. How cardiomyocytes repair their DNA damage, especially DNA double strand breaks (DSBs), remains undetermined. We assessed DSBs caused by oxidative stress. More importantly, we investigated the spatiotemporal dynamics of DNA repair protein assembly/disassembly in DNA damage sites.
Methods: Cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were treated with different doses of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for 30 minutes to assess DNA damage response (DDR). To investigate the dynamics of DDR, cells were treated with 200 uM H2O2 and followed up to 72 hours. DSBs were evaluated by counting DNA damage foci after staining with antibody against histone H2AX phosphorylation at serine 139 (g-H2AX). The dynamics and posttranslational modification of DNA repair proteins were determined by Western blotting, immunolabeling, and confocal microscopy.
Result: g-H2AX was proportionally increased to H2O2 dosage. Discrete nuclear g-H2AX foci were seen 30 minutes after hydrogen peroxide treatment with 50 uM, but became pannuclear when H2O2 was above 400 uM. At 200 uM of hydrogen peroxide, g-H2AX started to increase at 15 minutes and reached to highest levels at 60 minutes with up to 70 nuclear foci, started to decline at 2 hours, and returned to basal levels at 24 hours. DDR transducer kinase, ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) was activated at 5 minutes with increased phosphorylation at serine 1981 (pATM) which started to decrease at 24 hours, but remained elevated up to 48 hours. Another DDR transducer kinase, ATM and Rad3-related (ATR) showed a biphasic activation at 30 minutes and 8 hours. ATM and ATR colocalized with g-H2AX. DNA damage mediator proteins such as MRN complex and p53BP1 were also recruited to sites of DNA damage at g-H2AX foci.
Conclusions: DSBs and their repair have emerged as a new frontier of stress responses. Newly developed methods for studying g-H2AX and DNA repair protein dynamics can be explored to investigate DDR to oxidative stress in cardiomyocytes.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.