Abstract 237: Sex-specific Regulation Of Collagen I And III Expression By 17β-estradiol In Rat Cardiac Fibroblasts: Role Of Estrogen Receptors
Clinical and animal studies showed in female pressure-overloaded hearts less cardiac fibrosis and collagen I and III gene expression compared to males, suggesting an inhibitory effect of 17β-Estradiol (E2) on collagens. Therefore we investigated the role of E2 and estrogen receptors (ER) on collagen I and III expression in isolated rat cardiac fibroblasts from both sexes.
Cardiac fibroblasts were isolated from adult male and female Wistar rats, and treated with E2 (10-8M), vehicle, ERα and ERβ-agonist (10-7M) and/or pre-treated with ICI 182,780 (10-5M) for 24h. Cellular localization of ER in cardiac fibroblasts with/without E2 was detected by immunofluorescence staining, and expression of both ER was determined by western blot. Expression of collagen I and III was determined by qRT-PCR and western blot.
E2-treatment led to a nuclear translocation of ERα and ERβ in cardiac fibroblasts, suggesting the functional activity of ER as transcription factors. Furthermore in cardiac fibroblasts from female rats E2 led to a significant down-regulation of collagen I and III gene and protein expression. In contrast there was a significant increase of collagen I and III levels in fibroblasts isolated from male rat hearts by E2. E2-effect could be inhibited by ICI 182, 780 indicating the involvement of ER. In cardiac fibroblasts from female rats, ERα-agonist treatment led to a significant down-regulation of collagen I and III mRNA level, but ERβ-agonist had no effects. In contrast, ERβ-agonist treatment of cardiac fibroblasts from males increased collagen I and III mRNA, but no changes with ERα agonist-treatment were detected. ERα protein levels displayed no sex differences at basal level. After E2-treatment ERα protein was up-regulated in male cells, but decreased in cardiac fibroblasts from females. ERβ protein was higher in female cells compared to males, but the expression was not regulated by E2 in both sexes.
Sex-specific regulation of collagen I and III expression by E2 in cardiac fibroblasts might be responsible for sex-differences in cardiac fibrosis. This might be due to sexually dimorphic ER expression and regulation. Understanding how E2 and ER mediate sex-differences in cardiac remodeling may help to design sex-specific pharmacological interventions.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.