Abstract 180: Myocardial Triacylglycerole Accumulation Is Related To BNP And Myocardial Redox State In Advanced Systolic Heart Failure
PURPOSE: Experimental studies suggest that accumulation of triacylglyceroles (TAG) in myocardium and ensuing lipotoxicity may contribute to the progression of heart failure (HF), but relevance to human HF remains uncertain. We strived to quantify myocardial TAG in HF patients and controls and to identify their determinants.
Methods: 49 myocardial samples from patients with terminal HF (52 yrs, 86% male, 45% CAD, 49% DCM, 6% other dg.) that underwent heart transplantation or LVAD implantation and 20 control samples from cadaverous organ donors without HF (42 years, 45% males) were analyzed. Myocardial TAG (determined chemically), reduced (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) were determined.
Results: Patients with HF had higher amount of myocardial TAG (8.07± 3.95 vs. 5.60±3.36 μmol/g wet tissue, p= 0.017) and lower levels of both GSH and GSSG (p< 0.05) with similar GSH/GSSG ratio. The amount of myocardial TAG was independent of age, gender, HF etiology, diabetes mellitus, BMI, mitral regurgitation grade and plasma lipids (total-, HDL-, LDL-cholesterol, TAG) but it correlated with plasmatic BNP level (p=0.049, r=0.28). In controls, a positive correlation between myocardial TAG and the myocardial redox state (GSH/GSSG ratio) was found (r=0.53, p=0.015). On the contrary, this correlation was negative (r= -0.31, p=0.02) in HF patients.
Conclusion: Myocardial TAG in HF and controls have opposite relationship to redox state, indicating disparate mechanisms involved. Failing hearts display higher TAG accumulation, that is independent of comorbidities, but proportional to circulating BNP, supporting the role of natriuretic peptides in abnormal lipid homeostasis in HF.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.