Abstract 169: Angiotensin-II Induced Left Ventricular Remodeling Differs Between C57bl/6 Substrains
Background: Although C57Bl/6 mice are widely used in cardiovascular research, little is known about possible substrain differences. We compared the left ventricular (LV) remodeling induced by angiotensin II (angII) in C57Bl/6J and C57Bl/6N mice, these 2 substrains corresponding to two main branches having diverged since 1951.
Methods and Results: Male C57Bl/6J and C57Bl/6N mice were treated with angII (350ng/kg/min) or vehicle via mini-osmotic pumps for either 48h (for microarray profiling of gene expression and macrophage cytofluorometry counting) or 15 days (for both gene expression and histology). AngII (15d) induced fibrosis in LV from C57BL/6N (as shown by histology and col1a expression), but not in C57BL/6J. After 48h of treatment, about 100 genes responded in a strain-specific fashion, most responses being specific for C57Bl/6N mice. Among genes showing greater than 2-fold induction by angII (48h) in C57Bl/6N mice, there was enrichment for markers of macrophages activation and M2 polarization (including osteopontin, arginase1 and galectin3). These strain-specific differences were confirmed (both in LV tissues and macrophages isolated from LVs) by Q-RT-PCR, and occurred despite that fact that AngII increased the abundance of Cd11b+ macrophages to the same extent in both strains. Moreover, AngII (48h) increased expression of several markers of fibroblast activation (including Timp1, Lox and tenascin) in C57Bl/6N (both in LV tissue and fibroblasts isolated from LVs), but not in C57Bl/6J. Although one of the best known genetic differences in both substrains is the inactivation of the Nnt gene in C57Bl6/J mice, experiments performed in F2 mice do not indicate that the fibrotic response co-segregates with the Nnt mutation.
Conclusions: Although angII-treatment induces macrophage recruitment in the LVs of both C57Bl/6J and C57Bl/6N mice, activation of cardiac macrophages and their M2 pro-reparative polarization (with subsequent activation of fibroblasts and synthesis of collagen) occurs only in the genetic C57Bl/6N background. The absence of macrophage activation and cardiac fibrosis in C57BL/6J may possibly explain some differences in experimental results obtained by various investigators using different C57BL/6 substrains.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.