Abstract 159: Cardiac Hypertrophy and Sudden Death in a Mouse Model of STIM1 Overexpression
Background: STIM1, an ER/SR resident Ca2+ sensing protein regulates Ca2+ entry following internal Ca2+ store depletion in a broad range of tissues and cell types. However their putative roles in excitable tissue such as cardiac myocytes is uncertain.
Results: Here we generated a mouse model of STIM1 overexpression in cardiac and skeletal muscle. Western blot analysis suggested approximately 4-6 fold STIM1 overexpression in Tg mouse hearts compared to Ntg littermates. Immunocytochemistry carried out in ventricular myocytes revealed that STIM1 and the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) co-localize. Functionally, the amplitude of Ca2+ entry following SR Ca2+ depletion was 2-fold greater in myocytes isolated from STIM1 Tg mice compared to NTg littermates. Echocardiographic analysis in STIM1 Tg mice showed age dependent remodeling of the myocardium with a significant decrease in fractional shortening at 16 weeks of age (14.4.5±3.8 in STIM1 Tg vs. 36.9±1.5 in Ntg). These changes were accompanied by a significant increase in heart weight to tibia length (13.6 +/- 1.4 vs 6.5 +/- 0.24) and increased lung weight to tibia length ratio (11.6+/- 2.1 vs 8.1 +/- 0.38) in STIM1 Tg mice compared to Ntg littermates. Photometry experiments in isolated ventricular myocytes demonstrated significantly increased Ca2+ transient amplitude with an unexpected decrease in the SR Ca2+ load associated with STIM1 overexpression. In addition transgenic mice showed increased calcineurin-nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) activation in vivo, increased CaMKII activity, interstitial fibrosis and exaggerated hypertrophy following two weeks of neuroendocrine agonist or pressure overload stimulation.
Conclusion: Our observations suggest that STIM1 overexpression by itself can lead to cardiac hypertrophy and contribute to pathological cardiac remodeling and possibly sudden cardiac death. The molecular mechanisms underlying these phenomena are currently under investigation.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.