Abstract 143: A Novel TAK1 Signaling Network Regulating Programmed Necrosis and Myocardial Remodeling
We recently identified a novel signaling molecule, TAK1 (TGFβ-activated kinase 1, also known as MAP3K7), as a key regulator of the hypertrophic signaling network. Importantly, TAK1 is activated in mouse models of heart failure as well as in diseased human myocardium. Here, we defined a previously unidentified, novel role for TAK1 in promoting cardiac cell survival and homeostasis using cardiac-specific gene-targeted mice. Indeed, cardiac-specific ablation of TAK1 in mice using a Cre-LoxP system showed enhanced pathological cardiac remodeling and massive cell death, and these mice gradually developed heart failure and spontaneous death. Remarkably, ablation of TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) largely rescued the pathological phenotype of TAK1-deficient mice, preventing early lethality and cardiac fibrosis, suggesting that TNFR1 signaling is critical in mediating adverse remodeling and heart failure associated with TAK1 deficiency. Genetic or pharmacological inactivation of TAK1 in cardiomyocytes markedly induced programmed necrosis and apoptosis in response to TNFα. Conversely, overexpression of the constitutively active TAK1 mutant, or TAK1 plus its activator TAB1, protected cardiomyocytes from TNFα-induced cell death. Mechanistically, inactivation of TAK1 promoted formation of the necroptotic cell death complex consisting of RIP1, RIP3, caspase 8, and FADD. Genetic ablation of RIP1, RIP3, caspase 8, or FADD largely blocked TNFα-induced cell death in TAK1-deficient cells, whereas deletion of Bax/Bak or cyclophilin D showed no effects. Further, IKK/NFκB-mediated cell survival signaling was greatly impaired in TAK1-deficient cardiomyocytes. Taken together, our data indicate that TAK1 functions as a critical “molecular switch” in TNFα-induced programmed necrosis in cardiomyocytes, by interacting with the RIP1/3-caspase 8-FADD cell death pathway as well as the IKK-NFκB cell survival pathway. These findings thus define an important TAK1-mediated cardio-protective signaling network in the heart, which may suggest new therapeutic strategies in the treatment of heart disease.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.