Abstract 142: Modeling Drug-Induced Long QT Syndrome with Patient-Specific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by prolonged cardiac repolarization time and increased risk of ventricular arrhythmia. LQTS can be either inherited or induced notably after drugs intake. Mutations in genes encoding cardiac ion channels have been reported to underlie inherited LQTS. In contrast, drug-induced LQTS (diLQTS) most frequently arises from altered function of the hERG channel; the risk of developing diLQTS varies largely between subjects and most people who have life-threatening diLQTS have no known genetic risk factors.
We investigated whether the susceptibility to develop diLQTS observed in vivo can be recapitulated in vitro using patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology. We collected skin fibroblasts from ten subjects who developed significant diLQTS after administration of Sotalol and/or Erythromycin. Ten other individuals who displayed no changes in QT interval after administration of the same drugs, were selected. iPSC were generated by retroviral delivery of Oct4, Sox2, Nanog and Klf4 in 17 of the 20 individuals. We report preliminary results obtained from iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) of two subjects. All experiments were performed in a blinded fashion without knowledge of the associated clinical phenotype. Cardiac differentiation of iPSC resulted in the generation of spontaneously beating embryoid bodies. iPSC-CMs showed positive staining for TNNT2, ACTN2 and Cx43. Gene expression analysis confirmed the expression of NKX2.5, MLC2v, MYH6 and MYH7, and of the relevant KCNH2 gene. The two lines had similar basal electrophysiological properties as assessed by measurements of action potential (AP) by patch-clamp technique and extracellular field potentials (FP) using micro-electrode array (MEA). E4031, a classical HERG blocker, significantly prolonged the FP duration (FPD) in a dose-dependent manner in both lines (EC50: 30.19 and 51.57 respectively). When both Sotalol and Erythromicin were used, FPD was prolonged in one of the two samples in a dose-dependent manner (EC50Sotalol: 100; EC50Erythr: 9.64) while drug response was blunted in the other cell line.
This study suggests that patient-specific iPSC can be used to model the functional abnormalities observed in acquired diLQTS.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.