Abstract 131: C-kit+ Cells Generated From Failed Heart Do Not Improve Failed Heart Function
A pilot clinical study using autologous c-Kit+ cells showed improvement in cardiac functions in congestive heart failure (CHF), however, it is unclear if c-Kit+ cells isolated from CHF hearts are equally as potent as cells from controls. To test the potency of CHF c-Kit+ cells, myocardial infarction (MI) was created by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Six weeks after MI, animals with left ventricle end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) ≥20 mmHg and scar size ≥30% of left ventricle (LV) were designated as CHF rats. We found that CHF atrial explants generated less c-Kit+ cells compared to shams (15.7% vs. 11% sham vs. CHF). CHF c-Kit+ cells exhibited elevated levels of epicardial to mesenchymal transition markers, including Snail (2.5 fold) and Pai1 (3 fold), while the expression level of epithelial marker, E-cadherin was 3 fold lower in CHF c-Kit+ cells. Moreover, CHF c-Kit+ cells exhibited reduced gene expressions of pluripotency markers; 2.1 fold decrease in Nanog and 4.5 fold decrease in Sox 2 compared to sham cells. To evaluate the potency of the c-Kit+ cells, 1 x 106 cells isolated from CHFs or shams were delivered to 3 weeks post-MI CHF hearts. Cells were pre-labeled with GFP to enable their tracing in vivo and delivered to the infarcted myocardium via left coronary vein by a retrograde coronary sinus cell infusion (RCI). RCI delivery resulted in a cell distribution of LV (30%), right atrium (30%) and right ventricle (20%), while only 10% of cells were found in a left atrium. Three weeks after cells delivery, rats transplanted with sham c-Kit+ cells showed improved LVEDP (29.4 ± 6 vs. 11.7 ± 3.5 mmHg, CHF vs. CHF+ sham c-Kit+ cells) and a rise in peak rate of pressure (dPdt max) (3988 ± 520 vs. 5333 ± 597 mmHg/s). In contrast, no functional improvement was detected in rats transplanted with CHF c-Kit+ cells. Histological analysis demonstrated that transplanted c-Kit+/GFP+ cells were mostly incorporated into blood vessels and co-localized with endothelial marker vWf, and α-smooth muscle actin. Our results showed that left coronary vein is an efficient route for c-Kit+ cell delivery and that c-Kit+ cells isolated from CHF rats are less potent when transplanted in chronic heart failure rat model compared to those isolated from control.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.