Abstract 130: Secretion of Angiogenic and Anti-apoptotic Factors Accompanies Mesenchymal Stem Cell-mediated Enhancement of Contractile Function in Engineered Cardiac Tissues
Previous studies using three-dimensional engineered cardiac tissues (ECT) demonstrated beneficial effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) on contractile function, recapitulating findings in animal studies and in clinical trials. But the mechanisms by which MSC effect this functional enhancement remain unclear. This study tested the hypothesis that MSC-mediated enhancement of ECT function involves paracrine signaling, independent of direct cell-cell interaction with cardiomyocytes (CM).
To create ECT, CM were isolated from neonatal rat ventricles, mixed with 2.0 mg/ml bovine type I collagen and 0.9 mg/ml Matrigel, and pipetted into a custom elastomeric mold with integrated force sensing end-posts. Two types of ECT were created: one containing 1.5 million CM (“CM-only”) and the other containing 1.5 million CM supplemented with 150,000 MSC (“MSC-CM hybrid”). Contractile function of CM-only ECT was then assessed during 2-Hz pacing either in the presence or absence of hybrid tissues sharing the same media. Media surrounding the tissues was also collected and analyzed via protein microarray (RayBiotech) combined with Ingenuity Pathway Analysis software.
CM-only ECT cultured for 5 days showed aligned and compacted structure with a cross-sectional area of 0.39 ± 0.03 mm2 and a twitch force of 4.7 ± 0.7 N (mean ± SD; n = 6). In CM-only tissues co-cultured for 5 days in shared media alongside hybrid tissues, cross-sectional area was unchanged (0.42 ± 0.02 mm2, p = 0.17, n=3), but twitch force increased two-fold to 9.8 ± 6.5 N (p = 0.08). Threshold voltage for electrical pacing of CM-only ECT also decreased from 0.54 ± 0.12 V/mm to 0.39 ± 0.07 V/mm when co-cultured with hybrid ECT (p = 0.097). Protein microarray analysis of the shared co-culture conditioned media showed enrichment (relative to CM-only conditioned media) of the angiogenic factors VEGF (1240x) and IL-1 (8.6x) as well as the cardiac anti-apoptotic/pro-survival factors TNF (194x), bFGF (55x), and bNGF (14.9x).
In conclusion, these findings support paracrine signaling, independent of direct cell-cell contact, as one mechanism of MSC-mediated enhancement of CM function in rat ECT. Identification and isolation of defined cardiotropic factors may lead to novel molecular therapies for cardiac repair.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.