Abstract 116: Slit-Robo Signaling Regulates Lipopolysaccharide-induced Endothelial Inflammation and Expression of Slit/Robo is Dysregulated During Endotoxemia
Introduction: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is one of the critical factors which induce endothelial inflammation during the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, endocarditis and sepsis shock induced heart injury. The secretory Slit2 protein and its endothelial receptors Robo1 and Robo4 have been shown to regulate mobility and permeability of endothelial cells, which could be functional in regulating LPS induced endothelial inflammation.
Hypothesis: We hypothesized that in addition to regulating permeability and migration of endothelial cells, Slit2-Robo1/4 signaling might regulate other LPS-induced endothelial inflammatory responses.
Methods and Results: Using Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC) culture, we observed that Slit2 treatment suppressed LPS-induced secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines (including GM-CSF), cell adhesion molecule upregulation and monocyte (THP-1 cell) adhesion. With siRNA knock down techniques, we further confirmed that this anti-inflammatory effect is mediated by the interaction of Slit2 with its dominant receptor in endothelial cells, Robo4, though the much lesser expressed minor receptor Robo1 is pro-inflammatory. Our signaling studies showed that downstream of Robo4, Slit2 suppressed inflammatory gene expression by inhibiting the Pyk2 - NF-kB pathway following LPS-TLR4 interaction. In addition, Slit2 can induce a positive feedback to its expression and downregulate the pro-inflammatory Robo1 receptor via mediation of miR-218. Moreover, both in in vitro studies using HUVEC and in vivo mouse model studies indicated that LPS also causes endothelial inflammation by downregulating the anti-inflammatory Slit2 and Robo4 and upregulating the pro-inflammatory Robo1 during endotoxemia, especially in mouse arterial endothelial cells and whole heart.
Conclusions: Slit2-Robo1/4 signaling is important in regulation of LPS induced endothelial inflammation, and LPS in turn causes inflammation by interfering with the expression of Slit2, Robo1 and Robo4. This implies that Slit2-Robo1/4 is a key regulator of endothelial inflammation and its dysregulation during endotoxemia is a novel mechanism for LPS induced cardiovascular pathogenesis.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.