Abstract 115: Nuclear CaMKII is a Histone H3 Kinase that Remodels Chromatin During Cardiac Hypertrophy
Background and Purpose: Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is a ubiquitous serine/threonine kinase implicated in pathological events such as cardiac hypertrophy. In this study we investigated the role of a specific nuclear isoform of CaMKII in chromatin remodeling and in transcriptional regulation in cardiac muscle.
Methods: Comprehensive experimental approaches performed in primary cardiomyocyte cultures were used including chromatin immunoprecipitation assays (ChIP), q-PCR, chromatin remodeling assays, in vitro phosphorylation/transcription assays, production of recombinant adenovirus, siRNA technology, fluorescence microscopy and mass spectrometry.
Results: We found that CaMKIIδB targets specific components of chromatin during cardiac hypertrophy and binds to nucleosomes through its association domain in a cooperative model. CaMKIIδB also increased chromatin relaxation, and this action was dependent on its kinase activity. The observation that CaMKIIδB interacts with chromatin suggested to us that histones maybe novel substrates of the kinase in cardiac muscle. To test this hypothesis, we performed in vitro kinase assays and found that histone H3 is a bona fide CaMKIIδB substrate and Ser-10 appears to be a predominant phosphorylation site. Increased histone H3 Ser-10 phosphorylation was observed following hypertrophic stimulation and was not associated with cellular proliferation, whereas depletion of CaMKIIδB significantly reduced histone H3 Ser-10 phosphorylation in primary cardiomyocytes. Interestingly, we found that H3 S10 phosphorylation and recruitment of CaMKIIδB occur at promoters of fetal cardiac genes. To establish the functional link between H3 phosphorylation by CaMKIIδB, chromatin remodeling and transcription activation, we developed an in vitro transcription system and using it we found that CaMKIIδB increased chromatin accessibility and mediated transcription of the Mef2 transcription factor.
Conclusion: Taken together, these findings highlight a new role of CaMKIIδB as relevant histone H3 kinase and link for the first time epigenetic changes by CaMKII to cardiac hypertrophy.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.