Abstract 113: Regulation Of Aortic Vasodilation By Sigma-1 Receptor Stimulation In Ovariectomized And Pressure Overloaded Rats.
Objective: We previously reported that sigma-1 receptor (σ1R) expression in the thoracic aorta decreased after pressure overload (PO) induced by abdominal aortic banding in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Here, we asked whether stimulation of σ1R with the selective agonist SA4503 elicits functional recovery of aortic vasodilation and constriction following vascular injury in OVX rats with PO.
Methods: SA4503 (0.3-1.0 mg kg-1) and NE-100 (an σ1R antagonist, 1.0 mg kg-1) were administered orally for 4 weeks (once daily) to OVX-PO rats, starting from the onset of aortic banding. Vascular functions of isolated descending aorta were measured following phenylephrine (PE)- or endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced vasoconstriction and acetylcholine (ACh)- or clonidine-induced vasodilation.
Results: σ1R expression in aortic smooth muscle and endothelial cells decreased significantly 4 weeks after PO in OVX rats (vs. Sham or OVX only group). SA4503 administration rescued PO-induced σ1R decreases in the descending aorta. SA4503 treatment also rescued PO-induced impairments in ACh- and clonidine-induced vasodilation without affecting PE- and ET-1-induced vasoconstriction. Ameliorated ACh- and clonidine-induced vasodilation was closely associated with increased Akt activity and in turn endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) phosphorylation. SA4503-mediated improvement of vasodilation was blocked by NE-100 treatment.
Conclusions: σ1R is downregulated following PO-induced endothelial injury in OVX rats. The selective σ1R agonist SA4503 rescues impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the aorta from OVX-PO rats through σ1R stimulation, enhancing eNOS-cGMP signaling in vascular endothelial cells. These observations encourage development of novel therapeutics targeting σ1R to prevent vascular endothelial injury in postmenopausal woman.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.