Abstract 108: TALEN-mediated Gene-Editing in Zebrafish for Studying Titin Biology
Background: Titin, the largest protein found in nature, has been found to be crucial for heart and muscle development and mutations on titin caused human diseases. Especially, truncated mutations on TITIN were found to be a major causative gene (more than 25%) for familiar dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) but the mechanism is lacking. Due to the gigantic size and number of exons, genetic study of titin has been challenging. To facilitate genetic analysis of titin biology, we leveraged the Transcription Activator-Like Effects Nuclease (TALEN) technology in zebrafish to edit the titin gene directly.
Results: We generated TALEN pairs targeting different domains of zebrafish titin, including Z-disc domain, N2B domain, and A domains. Because zebrafish contain two titin homologues, ttna and ttnb, TALEN pairs targeting the corresponding loci for both homologues were made. The mutations are efficiently introduced on the titin using TALENs. In addition to these truncated mutants, TALEN technology can also create internal deletions. The titin mutant fish were identified and further phenotypic analysis has been carried out.
Conclusions: Combined with TALEN technology, zebrafish can provide a convenient vertebrate model for genetic studies of titin biology. Moreover, this gene-editing technology will facilitate the use of the zebrafish model as a powerful research tool for modeling human diseases and investigating their pathogenesis.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.