Abstract 107: Apocynin Attenuates Isoproterenol-induced Myocardial Injury: Implications For Targeting Nadph Oxidase In Myocardial Fibrogenesis
Myocardial fibrosis results from cardiac injuries caused by various pathophysiological mechanisms including myocardial infarction, leading to destruction of myocardial architecture and progressive cardiac dysfunction. Oxidative stress is likely involved in myocardial ischemic injury and the subsequent tissue remodeling mediated by myocardial fibrogenesis. Our current study aimed to evaluate the implication of NADPH oxidase in overproduction of reactive oxygen species and its contribution to the pathogenesis of myocardial fibrogenesis after ischemic injuries. The effects of Apocynin, a selective NADPH oxidase inhibitor, were evaluated in the mouse model of isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury by histopathological approaches and whole-genome gene expression profiling. The results demonstrated that Apocynin was able to inhibit the development of ISO-induced myocardial necrotic lesions and fibrogenesis in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, the preventive effects of Apocynin on myocardial injuries were associated with suppressed expression of genes implicated in inflammation responses and extracellular matrix, which were remarkably upregulated by isoproterenol administration. In summary, our study provides proof-of-concept for the involvement of NADPH oxidase-mediated ROS generation in myocardial ischemic injuries and fibrogenesis, which will benefit the mechanism-based therapeutic development targeting NADPH oxidase and oxidative stress in treating myocardial fibrosis and related disorders.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.