Abstract 058: Novel Agonist of Adenosine Receptor Ameliorates Ventricular and Vascular Dysfunction in Monocrotaline-induced Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Rats
Aims: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) consists of increased pulmonary vascular resistance and remodeling and right ventricular hypertrophy. This work investigated the effects of a new N-acylhydrazone derivative, (E)-N’-(3,4-dimethoxybenzylidene)-4-methoxybenzohydrazide (LASSBio-1386), in rats with monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH.
Methods and Results: Protocols were approved by Animal Care and Use Committee at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Male Wistar rats received a single i.p. injection of MCT (60 mg/kg) for PAH induction. Experimental groups were: control, MCT + vehicle (DMSO), MCT + LASSBio-1386 (50 mg/kg p.o.). The animals were treated with vehicle or LASSBio-1386 for 14 days after the onset of disease (n = 6). Right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and relation between RV weight to body weight (RV/BW) were analyzed. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed to determine pulmonary acceleration time (PAT), pulmonary artery diameter and RV wall thickness. Pulmonary vascular morphometry was analyzed using images of terminal arterioles and wall thickness was measured. The parameters evaluated are shown in table 1.
In addition, LASSBio-1386-induced vasorelaxation was mediated partially by the activation of A2A adenosine receptors, with an IC50 of 6.2 ± 1.2 µM. Docking analysis in the A2A crystal structure was performed using the program GOLD 5.1 and showed the interaction of the compound with A2A receptor.
Conclusions: LASSBio-1386 effectively reversed right ventricular hypertrophy and pulmonary vascular remodeling in rats with MCT-induced PAH through activation of adenosine receptor.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.