Abstract 037: Transient Cardiac Expression Of Constitutively Active G alpha Q Activates Renin-angiotensin System, Leading To Progressive Heart Failure And Ventricular Arrhythmias In Transgenic Mice
Introduction: Transgenic mice with transient cardiac expression of constitutively active Galpha q (Gαq-TG) caused progressive heart failure and ventricular arrhythmias after the initiating stimulus becomes undetectable. However, the mechanisms are still unknown. Renin-angiotensin system plays a critical role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. We examined the effects of chronic administration of olmesartan on ventricular function, the number of premature ventricular contractions (PVC), and ventricular remodeling in Gαq-TG mice.
Methods and Results: Olmesartan (1 mg/kg/day) or vehicle was chronically administered to Gαq-TG from 6 to 32 weeks of age, and all experiments were performed in mice at the age of 32 weeks. Chronic olmesartan treatment prevented the severe reduction of left ventricular fractional shortening and inhibited ventricular interstitial fibrosis and ventricular myocyte hypertrophy in Gαq-TG. Electrocardiogram demonstrated that premature ventricular contraction (PVC) was frequently (more than 20 beats/min) observed in 9 of 10 vehicle-treated Gαq-TG but in none of 10 olmesartan -treated Gαq-TG. The QT interval was significantly shorter in olmesartan-treated Gαq-TG than vehicle-treated Gαq-TG. CTGF, collagen type 1, ANP, BNP, and β-MHC gene expression was increased in vehicle-treated Gαq-TG. Olmesartan significantly decreased these gene expressions in Gαq-TG. Moreover, protein expressions of canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channels 3 and 6 increased in vehicle-treated Gαq-TG hearts. Olmesartan significantly decreased TRPC6 expressions in Gαq-TG. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) 1 and 2 gene expressions were also increased in vehicle-treated Gαq-TG and was not decreased to the control level in olmesartan-treated Gαq-TG.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that renin-angiotensin system has an important role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure even if the initiating stimulus is different from the activation of renin-angiotensin system.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.